Ogoh-ogoh is a sculpture depicting the Balinese culture personality Bhuta Kala. In Hinduism Dharma, Bhuta Kala represents strength (Bhu) universe and time (Kala) is not measurable and undeniable.
In the embodiment of the statue in question, Bhuta Kala portrayed as large and frightening, usually in the form of Rakshasa (Giant).
In addition to the form of Rakshasa, Ogoh-ogoh are often depicted in the form of the creatures that live in Mayapada, Heaven and Naraka, such as: dragon, elephant, eagle, Widyadari, even gods. In the process, there were made to resemble famous people, such as world leaders, religious leaders and even the artist or criminals. Related to this, there is also a political nature or Tribe, Religion, Race, Inter-group (SARA), although in fact it is deviating from the basic principles of Ogoh-ogoh. Ogoh-ogoh example depicting a terrorist.
In the main function, as a representation of Ogoh-ogoh Bhuta Kala, made ahead of Nyepi Day and paraded around the village abuzz Pangrupukan at dusk, a day before Nyepi Day.
According to scholars and practitioners of Hindu Dharma, this process represents the conviction of the power of the human universe and time that is most powerful. The power includes the power Bhuana Agung (the universe) and Bhuana Alit (human beings). In view of Tattwa (philosophy), this power can deliver sentient beings, particularly human beings and the rest of the world into happiness or destruction. This all depends on the intention of the noble man, as God’s most precious creatures in keeping himself and the whole world.
Nyepi Day is the day of the New Year Saka (Isakawarsa) which is celebrated once a year, which falls on the day after ‘Tilem Kesanga’ on December 1 ‘Sasih Kedasa’.
There are four berata restrictions that must be followed during Nyepi, called ‘Catur Berata Penyepian’, namely:
1. Amati Geni: abstinence kindle fire
2. Amati Karya: stop work activities
3. Observe Lelanguan: abstinence entertain yourself / stop pleasure
4. Observe Lelungaan: abstinence traveling
Nyepi day in silence we hold sacred introspective, uniting the mind, and brings together creativity, taste, and intention, to the discovery of the nature of our existence and the essence of the life of the universe. Do Berata penyepian upawasa (not eating and drinking), Mona Brata (not communicating), and Jagra (not sleeping).